Publication Details

Orman Botanical Garden
حديقة الأورمان النباتية

Language : En , العربية




Youssef, ThereseLabib, and Nourhan Said Abd El-Aal. Orman Botanical Garden. EgyptianBotanical and Historical Gardens Series. [Giza]: Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Centerfor Documentation of Cultural and Natural Heritage, 2018.


Our botanical gardens are the backbone of Egypt’s heritage of plants: endemic, introduced, medicinal, aromatic or rare, as botanical gardens are areas where plants are grown and documented according to the classifications of the plant kingdom. In Egypt, there are four registered botanical gardens; one of the most important of these is El-Orman Garden that was established in 1875 and had been part of the Khedivial Palace until the Khedive Ismael decided to establish an Egyptian forest similar to the Bologna forest, the Bois de Boulogne, in Paris. El-Orman Garden comprises a huge plant collection that includes 100 plant families, which in turn contain 300 genera and 1000 species. These include rare species of trees and palm trees, and despite the fact that, over the history of El-Orman Botanical Garden, its area was partitioned into several parts, which resulted in it shrinking to 28 acres. However, El-Orman is still considered one of the largest botanical gardens in the world. This book is in both Arabic and English, as a product of the Botanical Gardens Documentation Project (BGED) that was launched in 2009 as a result of the co-operational protocol between the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (MALR) that aims to document 6 botanical gardens in Egypt and the Egyptian horse races. The first section of the book presents a historical research introduction to the stages of the development of Orman garden as part of “Saray Giza” gsardens, supported by maps of the different stages that the Orman garden land has undergone. The main body of the book is divided into chapters equals to the number of sections in the garden basins, where each chapter presents the most important plants in each section planted in the garden, whether it is historical, medical, aesthetic or rare. At the end of the book, a Checklist of the names of all the plants in the garden in Latin, English and Arabic names.